Since I recently posted a list of baleen whales, I decided it was time to post a list of toothed whales. It is divided into toothed whales and baleen whales, which diverged from each other some time in the Eocene 26 to 17 million years ago. Arnoux’s beaked whale Baird’s beaked whale Cuvier’s beaked whale Shepherd’s beaked whale Northern bottlenose whale Southern bottlenose whale Longman’s beaked whale Sowerby’s beaked whale Andrew’s beaked whale Hubb’s Beaked whale Blainville’s Beaked whale Gervais’ beaked whale Ginkgotoothed beaked … The specific name reflects the smallest body size of physically mature individuals of this species compared with the other Berardius species. Indian ocean bottlenose dolphin Short-beaked common dolphin They have a gray back and lighter underside. ) The skin of these dolphins lightens as they age. So here it is, the list of baleen whales (this list does not include all sub-species and distinct populations): Bowhead whale Hourglass dolphin Cetaceans are descended from land-dwelling hoofed mammals, and the now extinct archaeocetes represent the several transitional phases from terrestrial to completely aquatic. The other toothed whales are summarized with the term "small cetaceans". This means that when zoologists refer to ‘toothed whales’, they might be referring to dolphins and porpoises, as well as to animals such as sperm whales and beaked whales. Some of these whales are so hard to find, let alone see. These dolphins can grow to 12 feet in length and 1,400 pounds in weight. It is the largest of the toothed whales—also called odontocetes—reaching a length of … They have a unique "hourglass" pigmentation made up of dark gray, light gray, white and yellow coloration. Rarest species: the spade-toothed whale. Today, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 14 of the 89 extant species of cetaceans as Endangered or Critically Endangered, including five endangered whale species… Males are much larger than females and may grow to about 60 feet in length, while females grow to about 36 feet. Hubb’s Beaked whale , […] wild things: List of toothed whales Related Posts:Baleen WhalesPorpoise FactsMinke Whale FactsWhat is a Marine Mammal?Dolphin Facts […], Your email address will not be published. Andrew’s beaked whale Yangtzee River dolphin (aka Baiji) EXTINCT They may be found in large groups. Toothed whale, (suborder Odontoceti), any of the odontocete cetaceans, including the oceanic dolphins, river dolphins, porpoises, pilot whales, beaked whales, and bottlenose whales, as well as the killer whale, sperm whale, narwhal, and beluga whale. Ginkgotoothed beaked whale Unlike the other great whales on the endangered species list, the sperm whale is a toothed whale. Andrew’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon bowdoini)Arnoux’s beaked whale (Berardius arnuxii)Baird’s beaked whale (Berardius bairdii)Blainville’s Beaked whale (Mesoplodon densirostris)Cuvier’s beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris)Gervais’ beaked whale (Mesoplodon europaeus)Ginkgo toothed beaked whale (Mesoplodon ginkgodens)Gray’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon grayi)Hector’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon hectori)Hubb’s Beaked whale (Mesoplodon carlhubbsi)Longman’s beaked whale (Indopac… There are currently 86 recognized species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises. Shepherd’s beaked whale Please look through the list and click on the marine mammal you are interested in learning more about. Young Risso's dolphins are black, dark gray or brown while older Risso's may be light gray to white. Cetacea is an infraorder that comprises the 89 species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises. Chilean dolphin Spinner dolphin Dall’s porpoise So I decided to stick with the list in the marine mammal bible, the Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Franciscana dolphin (aka La Plata dolphin), Harbor porpoise Various species of toothed whale are known to eat everything from numerous species of fish, squid, octopus and crustaceans to marine animals such as sharks, penguins, seals and sea lions, as well as other cetaceans such as whales, dolphins and porpoises (primarily hunted by killer whales). Most Odontoceti, or toothed whales, are considerably smaller. Heaviside’s dolphin Rough-toothed dolphins are found in deep, warm temperate and tropical waters around the world. What Is the Delphinidae Family of Animals? It belongs to the killer whale or orca (Orcinus orca), a toothed whale of the oceanic dolphin family. Sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus) are the largest toothed whale species. Dwarf sperm whale, Arnoux’s beaked whale They have a gray back and lighter underside. ) WOW awesome report i got an A+ for my report thancks for the list!!!!!!! This is where most of our data about this species comes from. Gray’s beaked whale What an impressive list. Beaked Whale. These dolphins can grow to 12 feet in length and 1,400 pounds in weight. Gervais’ beaked whale Atlantic white-sided dolphin They include Arnoux's beaked whale in cold Southern Hemisphere waters, and Baird's beaked whale in the cold temperate waters of the North Pacific. Burmeister’s porpoise Ocean Wild Things | Copyright ©2020 | All Rights Reserved. Striped dolphin I wonder how many individuals have seen, photographed and documented all these cetaceans in the wild. These whales were made famous by Herman Melville's book Moby Dick. The toothed whales (also called odontocetes, systematic name Odontoceti) are a parvorder of cetaceans that includes dolphins, porpoises, and all other whales possessing teeth, such as the beaked whales and sperm whales. Here are profiles of 19 Cetaceans, which differ greatly in … There is great disagreement among taxonomists as to what criteria, if any, constitutes a separate species, sub-species, race or variation. The strikingly-colored Commerson's dolphin includes two subspecies - one lives off South America and the Falkland Islands, while the other lives in the Indian Ocean. The pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps) is fairly small - adults can grow up to about 10 feet in length and 900 pounds in weight. Intense noise, particularly that from sonar, has been shown to cause panic, rapid ascent and subsequent death due to decompression sickness in a number of beaked whale species. Short-finned pilot whales are found in deep, tropical and subtropical waters around the world. Spade-toothed beaked whale is currently an insufficiently explored species, since the animal has never been seen in the wild. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Vaquita/Gulf of California Harbor Porpoise/Cochito. Pygmy killer whale Pantropical spotted dolphin Peruvian beaked whale Atlantic white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus acutus) are strikingly-colored dolphins that live in temperate waters of the North Atlantic Ocean. They have tall dorsal fins - the male's dorsal fin can grow as tall as 6 feet tall. Despite their name, there has never been a report of a killer whale attacking a human in the wild. Long-finned pilot whale Sperm whales have large, square heads and 20-26 conical teeth on each side of its lower jaw. There are 73 species of toothed whale.As well as whales such as sperm whales, beaked whales, narwhal and beluga, the group also contains dolphins and porpoises.. Scientists studied two specimens in New Zealand in 2010 after the whales became stranded. Orca (aka killer whale) Commerson’s dolphin The spade-toothed whale was seen for the first time after a mother and her male calf died on a New Zealand beach. They have dark skin, rounded heads, and large dorsal fins. The prehistoric-looking rough-toothed dolphin gets its name from the wrinkles on its tooth enamel. Long-beaked common dolphin White-beaked dolphin True’s beaked whale Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) are one of the most well-known cetacean species. Hector’s beaked whale Of these, 72 are Odontocetes or toothed whales. … It has been said that this whale species may have decreased in overall size due to the large amount of whaling in the past. Vaquita [Most endangered cetacean in the world] Their whistles, chirps, clicks and squeaks could be heard by sailors through boat hulls and on the water, causing them to nickname these whales "sea canaries.". The vaquita, also known as the Gulf of California harbor porpoise or cochito (Phocoena sinus) is one of the smallest cetaceans, and has one of the smallest home ranges. Perrin’s beaked whale Males are much larger than females and may grow to about 60 feet in length, while females grow to about 36 feet. Dolphin, any of the toothed whales belonging to the mammal family Delphinidae (oceanic dolphins) as well as the families Platanistidae and Iniidae, the two that contain the river dolphins. There are only 14 baleen whale species and they are generally larger than the 76 species of toothed whales – except for the mighty sperm whale, the largest toothed whale. There are only 14 baleen whale species and they are generally larger than the 76 species of toothed whales – except for the mighty sperm whale, the largest toothed whale. Finless porpoise, Filed Under: Dolphins, Whales Tagged With: cetacean, dolphin, extinct, killer whale, whale. These porpoises live in the northern Gulf of California off Mexico's Baja Peninsula, and are one of the most endangered cetaceans - only about 250 remain. There are nearly 90 species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises in the order Cetacea, which is divided into two suborders, the Odontocetes, or toothed whales, and the Mysticetes, or toothless baleen whales. Irrawaddy dolphin Hector’s dolphin Like their larger namesake, they are stocky with a squarish head. Baird’s beaked whale The sperm whale is a toothed whale. Southern right whale dolphin Toothed whales often gather in large groups, called pods, and sometimes these groups are made up of related individuals. U.S. Tucuxi dolphin Spade-toothed Whale. Orcas or killer whales (Orcinus orca) may also be known as "Shamu" due to their popularity as an attraction at marine parks like SeaWorld. Pygmy sperm whale Risso's dolphins are a medium-sized toothed whale that have stout bodies and a tall, falcate dorsal fin. Southern bottlenose whale THE TOOTHED WHALES The 72 species of toothed whales are listed below by the categories of threat of the IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesTM Lipotes vexillifer Baiji (CR/EX) Phocoena sinus Vaquita (CR) Cephalorhynchus hectori Hector‘s dolphin (EN) Orcaella brevirostris Irrawaddy dolphin (VU) New Zealand North Island subspecies C. h. maui (CR) In Ridgway, S. H. & Harrison, R. eds, River Dolphins and the Larger Toothed Whales 4, Handbook of Marine Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego, 261–288 (1989). Seventy-three species of toothed whales are described. This section will provide you with a huge list of marine mammals including Cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises), Fissipeds (polar bears and otters), Pinnipeds (seals, fur seals, sea lions and walruses) and Sirenians (manatees and dugongs). Of the nearly 40 species of dolphins in the Delphinidae, 6 are commonly called whales, including the killer whale and the… History at your fingertips Australian snubfin dolphin Northern right whale dolphin The Spade-toothed whale is a very little-known species of whales. Long-beaked common dolphins grow to about 8.5 feet in length and 500 pounds in weight. These whales are easily identified by their striking black-and-white coloration. Stejneger’s beaked whale are white whales that can grow to 13-16 feet in length and up to 3,500 pounds in weight. Similar to the baleen whales, every list out there is slightly different. Atlantic spotted dolphin Pacific white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens) are found throughout temperate waters of the Pacific Ocean. The Society for Marine Mammalogy has created an extensive list of cetacean species (see below). Peale’s dolphin There are Baleen Whales and Toothed Whales. Odontocetes: the toothed whales: Distribution, Behaviour, Migration and Threats The conservation status of the toothed whales has worsened dramatically since 2001. Required fields are marked *. Sowerby’s beaked whale Longman’s beaked whale Below you can learn about some of the toothed whale species. Here's the list … False killer whale Ganges River dolphin Long-finned pilot whales are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, plus the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Pacific white-sided dolphin, Indus River dolphin A species to top the list of the endangered species of whale is Southern Resident Killer Whale. Spectacled porpoise These small dolphins are about 4-5 feet long. Until 2012, nothing was known about this species. Amazon River dolphin Whale, Dolphin, or Porpoise - Characteristics of Different Cetaceans, Differences Between Baleen and Toothed Whales, Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, 10 Facts You Should Know About Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, The Best Way to Watch Whales from Shore on Cape Cod, The Beluga Whale, the Little Whale That Loves to Sing, Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation, M.S., Resource Administration and Management, University of New Hampshire, B.S., Natural Resources, Cornell University.