The fibroin gets hardened once exposed to air. Fifteen hundred years ago in China, silk production was a state secret. This yarn later goes to weaving or knitting trade primarily based the kind of yarn made. These ends area unit collected, rib through a guide and wound on to a wheel referred to as ‘reel’. It takes around 6 weeks to grow to their full potential (about 3 inches). The presence of gum and sericin will increase the tendency for the silk to water spots on materials once smooth. }. Once the silkworms have spun their cocoon, they will eventually enclose themselves inside it and then it’s time to extract the silk threads. Each thread is then carefully reeled from the cocoon in individual long threads, which are then wound on a reel. Step 1: Raising silkworms. Here is a step-by-step guide to the fascinating process in which silk is produced…. The process of silk production is known as sericulture. The method of unreeling the filament from the cocoon is reeling. +  Once the vitamins are in the milk, it is ready to be pasteurized. My reason for writing this document is to make it easier for anyone who is not a weaver to understand the process and to visualize the steps that are necessary to the process. Step 1: Raising silkworms & harvesting cocoons. Silk dates back thousands of years, and still to this day is highly regarded as one of the most valuable, luxurious fabric. In many cases, this will be one of the last steps of the processes as manufacturers generally now prefer piece-dyeing in an attempt to reduce waste. It’s not sometimes removed till when the fabric is woven  as a result of is warp filler that protects the yarns from mechanical injury throughout weaving. Similarly, the production of silk thread has different steps, which initiates with the selection of the silk threads and finishes with dying the yarn. Once the silkworms have spun their cocoon, they will eventually enclose themselves inside it and then it’s time to extract the silk threads. Thereafter, weighted silk isn’t sturdy as a result of daylight and perspiration weakens fibres. share my vision. Silk worms take advantage of mulberry leaves and so for rearing them, the growing of mulberry  trees is that the initial essential step. You need to put the worms in a container with other worms were they can grow (put food in too) Once they grow you transfer them to another container and It takes around 2,500 silkworms to produce one pound of raw silk. SILK-MAKING PROCESS The commercial process of silk making is highly complex and labor intensive. Hence, silks area unit sometimes dried and so written. At this time, they’ll stop eating and begin to raise their heads – that’s when they’re ready to spin their cocoon. At constant time it conjointly secretes a viscous quite fluid referred to as ‘sericin’ that passes through constant gap. Silk - the most beautiful of all textile fibers is acclaimed as the queen of textiles. Also, get various engaging video lessons to learn more effectively. On average, 36,000 worms consume 1 ton of mulberry leaf over their lifetime. Silk rearers : The process starts with rearing the silkworm, Bombyx mori, in a controlled environment. The cocoons are placed into boiling water in order to soften and dissolve the gum that is holding the cocoon together. design 529 shares connections: 9. publish my work. When the silk threads have been washed and degummed, they will be bleached and dried before the dyeing process commences. Sericin remains on the fibre throughout reeling and throwing before finishing, the gum is removed by boiling the material in soap and water. This loss of weight has to replace through treatment by metals like tin, metallic element etc in water solutions. Other major silk producing countries include Japan, India and Italy. Farmers raise moths under strict control. Only the filament produced by Bombyx mori, the mulberry silk moth and a few others in the same genus, is used by the commercial silk industry. Today China is the leading silk producer of the world. This can be done in many different ways from hand-spinning to ring-spinning and mule spinning. Despite advances in production method technologies, silk production still very much remains a labour intensive process, and a lot of hard work is involved. After that reeling of silk is done, the process of unwinding silk from a cocoon. This can be done in two different ways: Digital Printing or Screen Printing. The warp will run up and down the fabric, while the weft runs across it. Egg  2.worm or larvae 3. Because the filament of single cocoon is simply too fine for business use. Animal rights organizations, such as PETA, protest silk production because silkworms are killed in the process. For separating the silk thread from the cocoons they have to immerse in predicament. Starting with silk worms, which aren't actually worms, and ending with luscious fabric, the photos illustrate the proceedure in 6 steps. The process of silk production is called sericulture. Advances in technology mean that manufacturers instead opt for using various dyes such as acid dyes or reactive dyes. Pupa and 4. moths. For many years, the Chinese kept the secrets of silk production to themselves, even as the silk trade spread across the globe. These incredible silkworms produce one of the most highly sought after materials with a plethora of excellent properties. display: none !important; Once silk is to get rid of the surplus of natural gum or sericin it looses weight. At this stage the worm desires special care bamboo trays with straw mats area unit provided for them. Read more: Digital Silk Printing – The process explained. Required fields are marked *. In the third month of the lunar calendar which was called “silkworm month” silkworms breeding process started. Different stencilling techniques include: Using masking tape … However, these traditional dyeing methods have almost become extinct in the commercial manufacturing of silk. The process of making Thai silk is called Thai sericulture. Here is a brief description of silk production. Stage by Stage Silk Production. [clarification needed] Extracting raw silk starts by cultivating the silkworms on mulberry leaves. Silkworm is an insect that makes silk. Silk worms have a brief lifetime of solely concerning 2 months and through that these tolerate the subsequent four stages. The process of spinning essentially unwinds the dyed fibres on to a bobbin, so that they lay flat ready for the weaving process. Should a piece of silk require a special pattern or design, it will need to be printed after pre-treatment. Eggs area unit need to collect and unbroken at coldness till the hatched of it. Young silk worms prefer tender young mulberry leaves fed 3 times a day. In order to be deemed ready for use, silks must be finished.