Remember, vaccines are continually monitored for safety, and like any medication, vaccines can cause side effects. Vet. Rajko-Nenow P, Flannery J, Arnold H, Howson EL, Darpel K, Stedman A, et al. Saravanan P, Sen A, Balamurugan V, Rajak KK, Bhanuprakash V, Palaniswami KS, Nachimuthu K, Thangavelu A, Dhinakarraj G, Hegde R, Singh RK. (41) carried out phylogenetic analysis based on the N gene of PPRV, on nasal and ocular swabs and whole blood samples obtained from PPR cases in northern and eastern Tanzania. J Biosci Med. Seroprevalence and risk factors for peste des petits ruminants and selected differential diagnosis in sheep and goats in Tanzania. Misinzo G, Kgotlele T, Muse EA, Van Doorsselaere J, Berg M, Munir M. Peste des petits ruminants virus lineage II and IV from goats in southern tanzania during an outbreak in 2011. The opportunity to eradicate Peste des Petits Ruminants. Detection and molecular characterization of Peste des Petits Ruminants virus from outbreaks in Burundi, December 2017–January 2018. Establishing herd status through clinical history and serological testing would be advantageous provided that laboratory access and costs can be managed. East Af J Sci Technol Innovat. Second, the high potential for cross-species transmission of PPRV from small ruminants to cattle in areas where these species live in close proximity suggests that monitoring … 44. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.025841-0, 11. Application of DIVA vaccines and their companion diagnostic tests to foreign animal disease eradication. (1996). The editor and reviewers' affiliations are the latest provided on their Loop research profiles and may not reflect their situation at the time of review. Onderstepoort J Veterinary Res. 1:1–12. 2020 Aug;13(8):1661-1666. doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2020.1661-1666. LONDON (AP) — Britain authorized a COVID-19 vaccine for use Wednesday, greenlighting the first shot backed up by rigorous scientific review. Epub 2007 Feb 26. *Correspondence: Abel B. Ekiri,, Front. eCollection 2019. Swai ES, Kapaga A, Kivaria F, Tinuga D, Joshua G, Sanka P. Prevalence and distribution of Peste des petits ruminants virus antibodies in various districts of Tanzania. Abraham G, Berhan A. About 22% of total household income in Tanzania is from livestock rearing, and ~60% of rural household incomes come from livestock activities (29). This may have contributed to the introduction of PPRV to Tanzania, due to increased transboundary animal and human movement (2). Investigations should be encouraged to further evaluate the barriers to vaccine use, and factors that may affect vaccine efficacy and uptake, including the maintenance of cold-chain storage, and the correct administration. Dione MM, Traoré I, Kassambara H, Sow AN, Touré CO, Sidibé CAK, Séry A, Yena AS, Wieland B, Dakouo M, Diall O, Niang M, Fomba CO, Traoré M, Fall A. Epidemiological investigation into the introduction and factors for spread of Peste des Petits Ruminants, southern Tanzania. (1994) 26:69–73. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Parida S, Selvaraj M, Gubbins S, Pope R, Banyard A, Mahapatra M. Quantifying levels of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) virus in excretions from experimentally infected goats and its importance for nascent PPR eradication programme. Torsson et al. doi: 10.1007/s00580-018-2848-5. EI and AO: analysis. In: The 3rd RUFORUM Biennial Conference. doi: 10.1016/S0378-1135(02)00102-5, 18. Lembo T, Oura C, Parida S, Hoare R, Frost L, Fyumagwa R, et al. Paris: OIE (2018). 32. 2020 Apr 6;8(2):168. doi: 10.3390/vaccines8020168. Epidemiological survey of peste des petits ruminants in Ethiopia: cattle as potential sentinel for surveillance. AC and GV: funding acquisition. Taxonomy of the order Mononegavirales: update 2019. Midrand: CAADP (2009). Kulkarni DD, Bhikane AU, Shaila MS, Varalakshmi P, Apte MP, Narladkar BW. (2017) 7. doi: 10.1080/20008686.2017.1368336. doi: 10.1017/S0950268819001262, 40. 33. 2019 Nov 19;6:392. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2019.00392. As high mortality persisted amongst the sheep and goat populations in Ngorongoro and the neighboring Mara district, a new investigation confirmed the presence of PPR in Ngorongoro in June 2008, where 129/404 serum samples tested positive for PPR antibody (26, 36). Spatial Multicriteria Evaluation for Mapping the Risk of Occurrence of Peste des Petits Ruminants in Eastern Africa and the Union of the Comoros. Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), also known as sheep and goat plague, is a highly contagious animal disease affecting small ruminants. doi: 10.1111/tbed.13116, 54. Seroprevalence and sero-conversion after vaccination against Peste des Petits Ruminants in sheep and goats from Awash Fentale District, Afar, Ethiopia. In the reviewed studies, diagnosis of PPR in Tanzania was mostly by observation of clinical signs and lesions at post-mortem, followed by monoclonal antibody-based competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) for the detection of PPRV antibodies to determine a previous or current infection (26, 36–40, 50). Emerg Infect Dis. PPR was first reported in southern Tanzania in December 2009, in Likuna, a village in the southern Newala district, suspected to be transmitted via goats purchased for Christmas and New Year festivities from Pugu livestock market in the outskirts of Dar es Salaam (14, 36). Banyard AC, Parida S, Batten C, Oura C, Kwiatek O, Libeau G. Global distribution of peste des petits ruminants virus and prospects for improved diagnosis and control. Limited evidence of PPRV infection has been observed in wild small ruminants (such as dik-dik, gazelle etc.) Seroprevalence of Peste Des Petits Ruminants virus from samples collected in different regions of Tanzania in 2013 and 2015. Eligible articles were those published about peste des petits ruminants in Tanzania within the last 16 years (2004–2020), published in or translated to the English language. Although existing PPR vaccine … doi: 10.15835/nsb11110355, 7. Poor access to veterinary services was identified as a risk factor for PPR in Tanzania (14), and is the bane of livestock production in most of Africa (79). Literature searches were conducted in PubMed and Google Scholar. (2014) 20:2184. doi: 10.3201/eid2012.141116, 71. Prevent Veterinary Med. (2014) 2:18. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2014.26004, 78. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious and economically important viral disease affecting goats, sheep and wild ruminants. 23. (2004) 5:257–62. The disease was first identified in West Africa in the 1940s (15, 16), and has since been observed in North and Central Africa, the Middle East, and parts of East Africa and Asia (17, 18) and Europe (19). Ethiop Veterinary J. In: The 3rd RUFORUM Biennial Conference, 24th – 28th September 2012. Roos N. Seroepidemiology of Peste des petits Ruminants in central Tanzania Alongside an Evaluation of Filter Paper as Transport Medium. They are mostly kept under extensive management systems with communal grazing and sometimes housing (32). However, Karimuribo et al. (26) highlighted low awareness among small ruminant farmers, traders, and transporters; uncontrolled livestock movements; poor availability of diagnostic tools, poor surveillance and reporting; and a lack of capacity to enforce regulations as major constraints in the control of PPR. First vaccination can … In 2015, FAO and OIE launched a global eradication … There is a dearth of literature on the status of PPR in Tanzania, indicated by the low number of eligible articles obtained for this review. doi: 10.1007/s13337-018-0455-3, 88. doi: 10.1007/s11250-017-1453-y, 91. Bull des Serv Zootechniques et des Epizooties de l'Afrique Occidentale Francaise. (2015) 26:215–24. PPR … This is attributable to the high transmissibility and morbidity of PPR (2), which has resulted in its rapid spread in small ruminant populations through large areas of Africa and Asia within the past 20 years (70). Serological tests performed in the reviewed studies were mostly ELISA techniques such as the competitive PPRV specific anti-H monoclonal based ELISA (c-ELISA) as recommended by the OIE (27, 28, 39, 43, 48–50). 2. Geographic distribution and epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants viruses. (2017) 64: 644–50. Economic losses associated with Peste des petits ruminants in Turkana County Kenya. Epub 2010 Mar 2. Indeed, the existence of an informal cross border livestock trade in the eastern and southern African regions (66, 67) presents a continuous risk of PPR incursion, persistence and spread among these countries and beyond (51, 65, 68, 69). (58) reported a significantly higher seroprevalence of PPR in semi-arid and coastal agro-ecological zones in Tanzania, when compared to the plateau ecological zones, suggesting coastal, and semi-arid regions are high risk ecological zones. The Red Meat Value Chain in Tanzania A Report From the Southern Highlands Food Systems Programme. These agree with those identified in studies from other PPR endemic countries for example in Ethiopia (81, 82), Kenya (83), India (84), and globally (33). (2014) 20:2176–8. (2019) 66:2067–73. Torsson E, Kgotlele T, Berg M, Mtui-Malamsha N, Swai ES, Wensman JJ, et al. Little PD. Evaluation of risk factors for peste des petits ruminants virus in sheep and goats at the Wildlife-Livestock Interface in Punjab Province, Pakistan. Outbreak of Peste des Petits Ruminants among critically endangered Mongolian Saiga and Other Wild Ungulates, Mongolia, 2016–2017. Endemic in large parts of the world, PPR causes severe damages to animal production and household economies. Mbyuzi AO, Komba EVG, Cordery-Cotter R, Magwisha HB, Kimera SI, Kambarage DM. Torsson et al. (2016) 6:1–7. (2019) 8:1214–22. 25: 5591–5597. Objectives The main objectives of the strategy are: • To immediately contain/control PPR virus circulating in DRC and Tanzania • To prevent the disease from spreading to … The OIE recommends pre-vention and control measures including vaccination of high-risk populations along with strict controls on the movement of sheep and goats. Additionally, this review aims to identify the challenges and research gaps to inform future control efforts, so that small ruminant production may be improved in this region of East Africa. Rev Sci Techni-OIE. A study performed by the same authors in 2016 (27) also observed a high sero-prevalance (74.6%) in Arusha region, however, they reported no history of PPR vaccination, according to records from the District Veterinary Office. Peste de petits ruminants (PPR), a viral disease representing a major burden for sheep and goat farmers across Africa and Asia, is now targeted for eradication through mass vaccination campaigns. Mariner JC, Jones BA, Rich KM, Thevasagayam S, Anderson J, Jeggo M, et al.