The Yucca plant is a widely popular drought tolerant evergreen garden perennial. Keep in mind the best time to prune yuccas is in the early spring, so you can also choose to trim your plants then if you'd like. Its leaves are a creamy yellow with green edges in the spring and summer. Perhaps the most handsome yucca, Yucca rostrata (Beaked Yucca) is a very ornamental, slow-growing, evergreen tree-like yucca forming a perfectly symmetrical pom-pom, full of hundreds of 2 ft. long (60 cm), sharp-tipped, pale bluish-green leaves. Pruning isn’t necessary for outdoor yuccas, though it makes for an easy way to keep it from completely overpowering the yard. Plants may have a single stem up to 20ft tall, sometimes branching near the top of the stem, often offsetting at the base to form a clump. Hardy to - 15°C. Yucca rostrata has a trunk up to 4.5 meters tall, with a crown of leaves at the top. One problem in caring for yucca plants that indoor owners have that outdoor owners generally do not is that indoor plants can grow too tall. UK hardiness H5. Yuccas that grow in tree form can be pruned to con… It isn’t technically pruning, but you can cut off the leaves and blooms of your yucca plants as well. One of the most ornamental varieties, stiff leaves form a dense crown atop a single trunk. This US native plant has many species and varieties that grow well in our gardens (e.g., Yucca aloifolia, Yucca filamentosa, Yucca gloriosa). For a freshly pruned outdoor yucca, water very lightly, or set up a drip irrigation system for the plant, but this is only for the harshest and driest of climates. Removing the leaves will bring the plant back to health. Excessive pruning encourages the plant to produce yucca "pups" that in time can take over your backyard. When pruning, safety glasses and gloves are recommended.". Yuccas can be found over much of North America, and the architectural assertiveness of their strong, swordlike blades is prized by gardeners. Website operating Water it well at planting and then let nature take its course. DoItYourself.com®, founded in 1995, is the leading independent TIP: Thurber advises, "Yucca plants grow in two forms, tree-like or in a rosette. TIP: Thurber recommends, "After pruning, do not over water the yucca plant. Cutting away damaged leaves is especially helpful if the yucca plant is struggling. As a bonus, after cutting the trunk, you can remove the leaves from the top section (making careful note of which end is the top) and plant that section. Common tree yuccas are Spanish bayonet (Yucca aloifolia) and the Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia). All rights reserved. suggestions. These desert plants produce an abundance of long, sword-shaped leaves; many varieties also bloom in summer. Copyright© She currently divides her life between San Francisco and southwestern France. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Yucca are easy to propagate from cuttings. Consider fertilizing once or twice during the growing season, but if you plan to fertilize, be sure to consult with someone knowledgeable of yucca plants, such as workers at a nursery that sells yuccas. Four or five years ago, Yucca rostrata was all but impossible to find locally. Height/Spread: 12 to 16 feet tall, 6 to 8 feet wide. All information is provided "AS IS." They have long blue/gray leaves that drape down from large, well rounded heads. Cut them off as close to the original plant as possible. Removing the leaves or blooms can be done at any time of the year without damaging the plant, whether the bloom is old and dying or just starting to grow. Shrub yuccas, like the hairy yucca (Yucca filamentosa), are low-growing spiky plants that form rosettes of thick fibrous leaves that sprout from a central point. Yucca rostrata (Big Bend Yucca) - A slow-growing tree-like yucca with upright stems and beautiful gray-blue narrow foliage. Yucca Yucca. According to the ASPCA, yucca plants are not poisonous to humans, but they do contain compounds that make them toxic to horses, cats and dogs. Yucca aloifolia Linnaeus 1753 This is the type species for the genus Yucca. Yucca rostrata Commonly called Big Bend or beaked yucca. Care for it just as you would the bottom, with plenty of sunshine and light watering, and pretty soon you’ll have a second blooming yucca. Determine the halfway mark on your yucca, and using a saw or similar cutting device, lop off the top leafy section of the trunk. They can grow up to about 15'. Act as soon as the yucca finishes blooming in late summer. Pruning isn’t necessary for outdoor yuccas, though it makes for an easy way to keep it from completely overpowering the yard. Yuccas that grow in tree form can be pruned to control their size. If you notice the tiny red mites on your plant, take your potted yucca outdoors or into the shower and spray well, including the underside of the leaves. From Alaska to California, from France's Basque Country to Mexico's Pacific Coast, Teo Spengler has dug the soil, planted seeds and helped trees, flowers and veggies thrive. Native to northern Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila) and western Texas, it is a popular Yucca species in the southwestern United States. Remove any pups growing near the base of the yucca unless you want multiple specimens. Yucca rostrata. Red Yucca, Red Hesperaloe Hesperaloe parviflora . Yucca rostrata also called beaked yucca, is a tree-like plant belonging to the genus Yucca. You may freely link They need to be trimmed back. Botanical name. There's no need to wait to prune after flowering. problems contact webmaster@doityourself.com. It's important to provide a great deal of bright sunshine for the recovering plant. Prune broken canes or blades several inches below the break. Species. These stalks produce cream colored bell blooms that dangle. to this site, and use it for non-commercial use subject to our terms of use. I am helping my church. Choosing the Best Companion Plants for a Yucca. Don appropriate protective clothing including gloves. Remove any dead branches, canes or blades. Other names. Great plant for year long interest. Big Bend yucca (Yucca rostrata), also known as beaked yucca, is a tree-like type of yucca with blue-green, lance-shaped leaves and tall, bell-shaped blooms that rise above the plant in summer.Big Bend yucca plants are easy to grow in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 10. Many species and cultivars thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 though 11. When the strings are present, they are white colored. In early and midsummer tall stalks of up to four feet sprout from the center. The leaves of Adams Needle Yucca produce “strings” which also adds to the interest of this plant. Zones: 7-11. Yuccas come in all shapes and sizes, from a porcupine-size ball of spike to the towering canes of a Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia) topping out at 40 feet tall. To ensure our content is always up-to-date with current information, best practices, and professional advice, articles are routinely reviewed by industry experts with years of hands-on experience. Allow the soil to dry between waterings.". Trim off the yucca's bloom stalk, if your yucca is one of the species with bloom stalks. The yucca plant is a tough perennial succulent that can grow as a shrub or a tree, depending on the species. Unlike most plants, where pruning means the cutting of branches and blooms, the yucca is a cane plant, and thus pruning means cutting the trunk. Many yucca plants are recognizable by their tropical canes or sword-like leaves, but it's hard to give a general description. Scientific Name: Yucca rostrata Life Cycle / Plant Type: Evergreen Tree, Perennial, Succulents and Cacti Common Name: Beaked Yucca, Silver Yucca, Blue Beaked Yucca, or Big Bend yucca. Like other yucca plants and members of the Agavaceae plant family, the beaked yucca grows from a central stem and produces long, sword-shaped spiked leaves. Grows in Sun. Best Garden Use: Border, Rocky gardens, Specimen, Dry soil. There are also plenty of awesome variegated forms to choose from. Genus. submitted to our "DoItYourself.com Community Forums". Each year, stout leafless stems bear large clusters of waxy, alabaster-colored floral pendants. Yucca rostrata aka Beaked Blue Yucca. Instead of long erect swords for leaves, the Soft Leaf Yucca (Yucca recurvifolia) has well, a softer look with its downward curving leaves earning it the names Curved-leaf Yucca, Weeping Yucca, and Pendulous Yucca. Many yucca also do well as indoor houseplants. Yucca rostrata Growing and Care Guide. Yucca rostrata (YUCK-uh ross-TRAY-tuh), also known as the beaked yucca, is an evergreen tree-like Yucca plant and considered to be one of the hardest trunk-forming yuccas.. It is a more graceful alternative to its stiffer pricklier yucca cousins. Native to Western Texas and Northern Mexico, this tree-like yucca is an ornamental and slow-growing evergreen, perfect as a xeriscaping plant.Known to be one of the toughest trunk-forming yuccas, Yucca rostrata is drought-tolerant and a popular garden attraction in the UK, US, and Canada. Yucca plants thrive in conditions where the soil is well-drained, low in fertility and low in water. Let me help you with that: the Soft Leaf Yucca. Occasionally, leaves and blooms may start to look unsightly or discolored, especially toward the end of the growing season. Yucca is a North American native, a flowering plant that acts like a large shrub or small tree. Hardiness zone 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. Flower Color is White/Cream and blooms in Summer. Read on to learn how to grow Big Bend yucca. The plants form a dramatic, shimmering rosette … Brown wood means deadwood; green wood indicates a living branch. Pruning and trimming a yucca may look rather harsh, but it's a very strong and vital plant that can easily recover when properly cared for. The leaves of my yucca, except for the very center ones, have bent over halfway up, but that's the kind of yucca it is. Pruning is as simple as that. The Color Guard Yucca has a mounded growing habit. This shimmering rosette is mounted atop a tree trunk, which is covered with the soft gray fibers of the old leaves, creating a silver haze. During the summer this Yucca produces a large stem from the center of the plant. TIP: Our expert gardening advisor Karen Thurber cautions, "Some yuccas have very sharp leaves. When removing flower stalks, use sharp pruning shears and cut the stalk about 3 or 4 inches above where it's growing out of the main stem. Unlike most plants, where pruning means the cutting of branches and blooms, the yucca is a cane plant, and thus pruning means cutting the trunk. We welcome your comments and San Marcos Growers: Yucca Aloifolia "Marginata" - Golden Spanish Dagger, Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center: Ask Mr. Smarty Plants - Winter Pruning For Yucca in Michigan. Exposure: Full sun. Color Guard Yucca is one of the most decorative Yucca varieties you will ever find! Yucca Plants: Perfect Species for Inside and Outside Growing. Questions of a Do It Yourself nature should be Started with one but now have many large clusters. It one of the many different types of Yucca plants that belong to the family Asparagaceae.. It has been cultivated since 1605. Yuccas that grow in rosettes require only the removal of dead leaves and flower stocks.". home improvement and repair website. To verify that a branch is dead, cut a small slice from the outer bark and look carefully at the wood beneath. Yuccas require little trimming. Bloom time: Summer. Over the last few years, I’ve accumulated five Yucca rostrata, ranging from plants in 1-pint containers to the 2-ft. specimen I bought at Poot’s Cactus Nursery in Ripon, CA last November. If you don’t want to make it quite as short as the halfway point, you can cut higher. Yucca aloifolia is a slow-growing hardy succulent plant from the SE USA coast into Mexico, the Caribbean islands and into Mexico. I'm trying to remember the name of that particular yucca that I have. The best time to do your pruning is in the spring, shortly before the growing season. Yucca … Wise gardeners limit yucca pruning to the essentials. A spray of dish soap and water will control bugs and mites. Each are pruned slightly differently. How to Grow Yucca. Each are pruned slightly differently. Now I see it occasionally in independent nurseries. On average, the yucca should be fine surviving off regular rainfall, even after heavy pruning. Although it can branch, it is most often seen with a single trunk, that can grow to 12-15 feet tall. Agavaceae. 1995-2018 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. When this happens, feel free to remove the leaves or flower stalks. I believe they are blue yucca gloriosas (perhaps "pendula") Introduction. Blue-beaked Yucca. Santa Cruz, a law degree from Berkeley's Boalt Hall, and an MA and MFA from San Francisco State. View our Privacy Policy here. Yucca. To keep the plant healthy the gardener must know what fertilizer for yucca it’s better to apply and when to do it. Yucca rostrada (Beaked Yucca) are one of the best tall “palm” yuccas. The beaked yucca is a spectacular single-stemmed yucca tree with a stunning spray of bluish-green leaves radiating from the trunk’s top. It thrives across nearly all of the United States, and is a low maintenance, drought tolerant option. Detail of the trunk. It can be kept indoor as well as grown outside in flower beds that ornament the garden. Trimming a yucca is not a task for the faint-hearted. Yucca is a desert plant favourite with the majority of gardeners. We Released The Yucca HandBook CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE >> The centers of this North American native take on a rose color in the fall. Color: Gray-blue leaves, blooms with a stalk of white flowers when mature. They are very closely related to Yucca thompsoniana. Many yucca plants are recognizable by their tropical canes or sword-like leaves, but it's hard to give a general description. Yucca plants develop a “skirt” of lower leaves much like palms trees. If you prune off any healthy cane, let it dry in a cool spot for several days then press the bottom 12 inches into soil in a sunny spot outdoors. The toxic compounds are called saponins. Thompson Yucca are typically smaller than the rostrada, to about 6' and is said to be a little hardier. The species is native to Texas, Chihuahua and Coahuila. Tip: Spider mites are a common problem with indoor yuccas as well. Red yucca (which is not a yucca) is a stalwart in the landscapes of Texas and the southwest. After both yucca plants bloom, a brown flower stalk is left behind. Prune it as close to the base as possible; this trim is more to make the yard look tidy than to aid the plant. How to Trim a Yucca Tree. Large clusters of white flowers appear on the tree in late spring and summer. The yucca plant is a popular indoor and outdoor plant. The stems and leaves can be pointed and sharp. Growing Zone: USA: 5 to 10. As a rule I hear the same everywhere – ‘yucca plants are easy to maintain, and that’s why I’ve chosen them.’ However, when it comes to reality, you should know the fact that they are also pretty susceptible to … Beaked yucca, Big bend yucca, Old man yucca. World traveler, professional writer and consummate gardener, Spengler earned a BA from U.C. The strings are curly and peel away from the main structure of the leaf. Color Guard Yucca is an outstanding ornamental shrub with beautiful, variegated yellow and green leaves. TIP:Thurber advises, "Yucca plants grow in two forms, tree-like or in a rosette. Plants have large, stiff, and sword like rosette leaves, are a genus of perennial trees and shrubs from the family Asparagaceae, and are contained within the subfamily Agavoideae. The crown of foliage is a round pom-pom shape that contains hundreds of sharp thin blades that are 2 ft. (0.6 m) long. Yucca rostrata is just as unique as its name.