Stinging nettle, or Urtica dioica, is a common plant that grows in the United States, Canada, and Europe. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). Stinging nettle is distributed nearly worldwide but is especially common in Europe, North America, North Africa, and parts of Asia. Overview Information White dead nettle flower is a plant that looks like stinging nettle but doesn't cause stinging when touched. They also bear brownish-green tassle-like flowers from May to September, quite different from the more attractive hooded flowers … Burning Nettle vs. Stinging Nettle. The flowers grow along stems that shoot out fr… That said, I think they have a more subtle, lighter flavor, especially when used raw. Scientific Name. The stinging nettle is a familiar and common plant, often firmly rooted in our memories after our first, hands-on experience - a prickling irritation that's not forgotten easily! Stinging nettle, (Urtica dioica), also called common nettle, weedy perennial plant of the nettle family , known for its stinging leaves. They inject a mix of acetylcholine, formic acid, histamine, and serotonin, causing an itchy, burning rash in humans and other animals that may last up to 12 hours. Stinging nettle leaves and flowers can be dried, and the dried leaves can be steeped and made into a tea. Specimen has leaf curl and may have been poisoned or short of H2O ID: 2C2X9RM (RF) Common or Stinging Nettle (urtica dioica), close up of a cluster of the plants in flower. They are also high in protein and when cooked are very mild, tasting similar to spinach but slightly rougher. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. The flowers occur in the axils of leaf-like bracts. Similarly, the ovary within the female flower is haploid (1n). Stinging or common nettles (Urtica dioica) are widespread across the U.K. The tiny green or white flowers are borne in dense whorled clusters in the leaf axils and stem tips and are wind-pollinated. You can consume the leaves fresh, but if you want to preserve the nettle plants to be consumed or used later, there are a few things that you can try. Stinging nettle flowers. Stinging nettle can make a real nuisance of itself in vegetable gardens, but it is also one of Finland’s most diverse and useful plants. Stinging nettle plants are often compared to spinach because they can be used in the same ways that you would normally use spinach. Flowering time: July–September. Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. Reviving nettle tea. Tender handed stroke a nettle, It’ll sting you for your pains, Grasp it like a man of mettle, And it soft as silk remains’. Opposed to this, the production of manure, on the basis of cold water – takes approximately 14 days for production. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The root and above ground parts are used as medicine. Like most edible plants, the best way to eat nettle is to consume it shortly after being harvested. Where lies the difference between brew and manure? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Nevertheless, stinging nettle is a host plant for a number of butterfly and moth species. Stinging Nettle is a surprisingly helpful plant in food and medicine despite its stinging hairs, as seen below. Nettle leaf, also called Urtica dioica, has been used in traditional medicine for many centuries. You can also turn nettles into a liquid fertilizer by filling a barrel with the leaves and branches. The pretty small tortoiseshell is a familiar garden visitor that can be seen feeding on flowers all year-round during warm spells.…, It doesn’t matter what size your space is, there’s always room for wildflowers! Stinging nettle has a long history of use as a medicinal herb and is still used in folk medicine for a wide array of disorders, though there is limited clinical evidence supporting its efficacy. After fermenting it for 5-6 weeks the nettle … Fresh nettle leaves can be stored in the refrigerator for 2-5 days. The plant is considered an herbaceous perennial, meaning that it has herbal properties and grows back in the same areas year after year. The pollen produced by the male flowers is haploid (1n) meaning that it contains one set of chromosomes.
2020 stinging nettle flowers